The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution

The Birth of Fascist Ideology From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution When The Birth of Fascist Ideology was first published in in France and at the beginning of in Italy it aroused a storm of response positive and negative to Zeev Sternhell s controversial

  • Title: The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution
  • Author: Zeev Sternhell
  • ISBN: 9780691044866
  • Page: 421
  • Format: Paperback
  • When The Birth of Fascist Ideology was first published in 1989 in France and at the beginning of 1993 in Italy, it aroused a storm of response, positive and negative, to Zeev Sternhell s controversial interpretations In Sternhell s view, fascism was much than an episode in the history of Italy He argues here that it possessed a coherent ideology with deep roots in EWhen The Birth of Fascist Ideology was first published in 1989 in France and at the beginning of 1993 in Italy, it aroused a storm of response, positive and negative, to Zeev Sternhell s controversial interpretations In Sternhell s view, fascism was much than an episode in the history of Italy He argues here that it possessed a coherent ideology with deep roots in European civilization Long before fascism became a political force, he maintains, it was a major cultural phenomenon This important book further asserts that although fascist ideology was grounded in a revolt against the Enlightenment, it was not a reactionary movement It represented, instead, an ideological alternative to Marxism and liberalism and competed effectively with them by positing a revolt against modernity Sternhell argues that the conceptual framework of fascism played an important role in its development Building on radical nationalism and an antimaterialist revision of Marxism, fascism sought to destroy the existing political order and to uproot its theoretical and moral foundations At the same time, its proponents wished to preserve all the achievements of modern technology and the advantages of the market economy Nevertheless, fascism opposed every bourgeois value universalism, humanism, progress, natural rights, and equality Thus, as Sternhell shows, the fascists adopted the economic aspect of liberalism but completely denied its philosophical principles and the intellectual and moral heritage of modernity.

    One thought on “The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution”

    1. This book is essential reading. Anyone interested in the subject should closely read the long introductory chapter which summarizes Sternhell's view -- among other things, he analyzes Fascism's roots in the anarcho-syndicalist methodology (myth) and aims of Georges Sorel, the movement which animated Mussolini's radical socialism; and the radical, anti-capitalist, developmentalist origins of the movement. Sternhell was sued for libel by certain French reactionaries, and the specifics of the case [...]

    2. Fascism has left an indelible mark on world history, not only as a ideological period carefully quarantined by popular culture, but also as a continuously contentious subject for academics of all disciplines. Even in the otherwise chaotic microcosm of conflicting claims as to fascism's historical composition, it's causes or even it's nature, Sternhell's book has caused a unique commotion, and divided the scholarly landscape between his followers, his "fellow-travellers" and his critics.The criti [...]

    3. The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution is a fascinating book, one that, nearly thirty years after it was first published, remains a controversial piece of work in the eyes of many. Zeev Sternhell examines and presents what he believes are the roots of fascism, arguing that it represented a clear and coherent ideology that can be traced back to a "revision" of Marxism in the latter part of the nineteenth century. Sternhell follows these roots back to George [...]

    4. A few interesting arguments by Sternhell.According to him, there are three major elements of fascism:1. Revolutionary revisionism2. Integral nationalism3. FuturismFascism emerged at a time when western European Marxists began "revising" their works and becoming social democratic parties, in contrast to revolutionary Marxist parties in Eastern Europe. Fascism was dissatisfied with this and transformed in a number of ways:1. Accepting that revolution was rooted in a market economy, which represent [...]

    5. written by an academic for an audience with considerably more of turn-of-the-century political knowledge than myself, i struggled with the references that assumed knowledge of a variety of political figures from that era, particularly at the beginning of the bookven my limited knowledge base — i knew essentially nothing about the rise of italian fascism — this was a fascinating book describing how fascism was initially born from a series of overlapping ideological trends largely derived from [...]

    6. Absolutely brilliant! The first real history of the rise of an ideology - Fascism - that marked the first half of the 20th century. Zeev Sternhell masterfully guides the reader from Sorel's revision of Marxism, the fusion with Maurras's Action Française, to Fascism's intellectual maturation in Italy. What he writes won't be accepted by everyone, especially not by the Left.

    7. A good complement to "Neither Left nor Right".Notes how those who rejected the democratic reformism of mainstream prewar socialism drifted towards Fascism on the one hand (a cultural radicalism which rejected historical materialism and accepted the CMP as a given), or moved towards Bolshevism on the other.

    8. Very dry, and it definitely reads as a translation, but a good overall introduction to the origins of fascism and the connections to other prevalent ideologies throughout Europe at the time.

    9. It is enough to simply read the introduction to this book -- about 40-50 pages. It will teach you about the radical origins of Italian fascism. Good stuff.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *