The Christian Goddess: Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald

The Christian Goddess Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald The Christian Goddess Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald examines this British Victorian writer s employment of female figures to represent Deity Such symbolism is extremely

  • Title: The Christian Goddess: Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald
  • Author: Bonnie Gaarden
  • ISBN: 9781611470086
  • Page: 340
  • Format: Hardcover
  • The Christian Goddess Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald, examines this British Victorian writer s employment of female figures to represent Deity Such symbolism is extremely unusual for a Christian author of this period and anticipates the efforts of many modern theologians to develop an image of God as Mother Bonnie Gaarden reads the goddess fThe Christian Goddess Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald, examines this British Victorian writer s employment of female figures to represent Deity Such symbolism is extremely unusual for a Christian author of this period and anticipates the efforts of many modern theologians to develop an image of God as Mother Bonnie Gaarden reads the goddess figures in MacDonald s fantasies as both archetypes of the collective unconscious and as emblems articulating MacDonald s unique Christian theology, which is Trinitarian, Neo Platonic, mystical and universalist The goddesses become the central figures around which the author develops her interpretations of MacDonald s adult fantasy novels, his children s books and some of his fairy tales These readings discover MacDonald s ideas about God and the nature of good and evil, models of spiritual and psychological development that foreshadow the theories of Carl Jung and Eric Neumann, and acerbic commentary on the values and customs of Victorian society and religion According to The Christian Goddess, MacDonald s Romantic belief in God s self revelation in Nature led him to create Nature mothers such as the Green Lady in The Golden Key and Lilith s Eve which evoke both the Great Mother archetype described by Eric Neumann, and the modern neopagan Great Mother as developed in the works of James Frazer, Robert Graves, and Marija Gimutas MacDonald dramatized his view of evil and its cure in the title character of Lilith, a Terrible Mother archetype historically embodied in the Hindu goddess Kali MacDonald s notion of the world as Keat s vale of Soulmaking, also elaborated by religious philosopher John Hick, is conveyed by Magic Cauldron archetypes in The Wise Woman, The Gray Wolf, and Lilith Muse figures in Phantastes and At the Back of the North Wind express MacDonald s conviction that a right imagination is the voice of God, while Divine Children in The Wise Woman and The Golden Key communicate his belief that true childhood is the Divine nature The great grandmother in the Princess books, a personification of the multi dimensional activity of Divine Wisdom, springs from the Judeo Christian Sophia and the classical Athena, while Kore figures in The Princess and the Goblin, Lilith, and Phantastes re present the transforming descents of Persephone and Christ This book shows MacDonald s fantasies as a chronological bridge, anchored in the traditions of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, incorporating the teachings of Christian mysticism and theistic Romanticism, and linking to the contemporary concerns in Western society that have given birth to the New Age The Christian goddess portrayed in these fantasies may strike the reader as a Deity whose time has com

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