خاك بكر

Turgenev was the most liberal spirited and unqualifiedly humane of all the great nineteenth century Russian novelists and in Virgin Soil his biggest and most ambitious work he sought to balance his

  • Title: خاك بكر
  • Author: Ivan Turgenev عبدالحمان رزندی
  • ISBN: null
  • Page: 323
  • Format: None
  • Turgenev was the most liberal spirited and unqualifiedly humane of all the great nineteenth century Russian novelists, and in Virgin Soil, his biggest and most ambitious work, he sought to balance his deep affection for his country and his people with his growing apprehensions about what their future held in store At the heart of the book is the story of a young man and aTurgenev was the most liberal spirited and unqualifiedly humane of all the great nineteenth century Russian novelists, and in Virgin Soil, his biggest and most ambitious work, he sought to balance his deep affection for his country and his people with his growing apprehensions about what their future held in store At the heart of the book is the story of a young man and a young woman, torn between love and politics, who struggle to make headway against the complacency of the powerful, the inarticulate misery of the powerless, and the stifling conventions of provincial life This rich and complex book, at once a love story, a devastating, and bitterly funny social satire, and, perhaps most movingly of all, a heartfelt celebration of the immense beauty of the Russian countryside, is a tragic masterpiece in which one of the world s finest novelists confronts the enduring question of the place of happiness in a political world.

    One thought on “خاك بكر”

    1. 842. новь = Virgin Soil, Ivan Turgenevخاک بکر - ایوان‌سرگی‌یویچ تورگنیف (امیرکبیر) ادبیات روسیهرا خواندم، انگار میکردم اثر را به زبان نگارنده خوانده ام، پز میدادم که به زبان اصلی کتاب را خوانده ام، سپس ترجمه آقای عبدالرحمان رزندی را که همان نسخه را ترجمه کرده بودند خواندم، امیرکبیر 1349، در [...]

    2. This book, dated 1877, was Ivan Turgenev's answer to Dostoievsky's The possessed (also titled The demons), dated 1872. His revolutionaries, however, are just naive incompetent idealists (all except Solomin, who actually never defines himself), who act prematurely until finally they lose faith in themselves and the cause.Personally I prefer Dostoievsky's version, because it seems to me much closer to what actually were the real revolutionaries in the twentieth century.

    3. Free download available at Project Gutenberg.Opening lines:AT one o'clock in the afternoon of a spring day in the year 1868, a young man of twenty-seven, carelessly and shabbily dressed, was toiling up the back staircase of a five-storied house on Officers Street in St. Petersburg. Noisily shuffling his down-trodden goloshes and slowly swinging his heavy, clumsy figure, the man at last reached the very top flight and stopped before a half-open door hanging off its hinges. He did not ring the bel [...]

    4. ادبیات روسیه خیلی مورد علاقه من نیست، ولی داستان خاک بکر و نثر روان و پایان غافلگیر کننده آن را دوست داشتم.

    5. If I had to come up with a slogan for Ivan Turgenev, it would be, "Turgenev - For God's sake, would somebody read something besides Fathers and Sons?" Granted, Fathers and Sons is his best novel, but he's got some other good stuff. I dare you to read First Love and tell me that it isn't moving. It's a short story, so quit complaining and just go read it. As for this novel, Virgin Soil, those of you who have read Fathers and Sons will find a lot of similar things. It's another book about Nihilism [...]

    6. Virgin Soil, Turgenev’s last novel, is about the Populist movement in Russia in the late 1860s and 1870s, a hundred years before my experiences in the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s. Turgenev's idealistic revolutionaries want to awaken the slumbering people and help them take back their country from the ruling classes. The story focuses on Alexey Nezhdanov, a young student in St. Petersburg, who wants to devote his life to the cause, condemning as elitist the poetry he cannot keep him [...]

    7. Brazilliant found the link: gutenberg/ebooks/2466"To turn over virgin soil it is necessary to use a deep plough going well into the earth, not a surface ploughgliding lightly over the top."—From a Farmer's Notebook.Opening: AT one o'clock in the afternoon of a spring day in the year 1868, a young man of twenty-seven, carelessly and shabbily dressed, was toiling up the back staircase of a five-storied house on Officers Street in St. Petersburg. Noisily shuffling his down-trodden goloshes and sl [...]

    8. Si potrebbe dire che Turgenev ha avuto due colpi di genio con i quali si è guadagnato l'eternità letteraria: ha inventato il termine "nichilista" e ha creato il carattere dell'"uomo superfluo", padre putativo di tutti gli inetti di novecentesca memoria. "Terra Vergine", ultimo romanzo scritto dall'autore poco prima di morire, rappresenta il punto di convergenza di queste due geniali trovate e, benché forse appena inferiore a "Padri e Figli", è un riuscitissimo romanzo. Consigliato a tutti i [...]

    9. I was very struck by the parallels with Dostoyevsky's "Devils", which I also read recently. I think I prefer Turgenev (even though this is not his best). Turgenev is not as unrelievedly gloomy as Dostoyevsky - there is humour and affection here, and of course Turgenev's extraordinary ability to draw us into the sight and taste and feel of his narrative. Opening his book is like imbibing a shaman's potion and flitting, shape-changed, back in time to smell the earth of mother Russia. Not that this [...]

    10. This book about "social justice warriors" of 1860s Russia was a bit of a disappointment, especially compared to Sportsman's Sketches and The Home of the Gentry, both of which I loved. It's almost like Turgenev felt some sort of moral obligation to write a political book in the manner of Dostoevsky's Demons, but came up with a book that seems to fail to approach anything of that level. He is best in the earlier books describing nature and quirky Russians, and while there is some of that here, he [...]

    11. Virin Soil is both a love story and social commentary about Russia in the 1800s. Protagonist Nejdanov is a young man trapped between two worlds. He is the illegitimate son of an aristocrat and member of Populism movement. Nejdanov���s struggles parallel the struggles of his county. He is inducted into the movement as a result of his background but he struggles with this identity throughout the book. I enjoyed this book. I felt great empathy toward Nejdanov and thought that Turgenev was abl [...]

    12. Stately and measured when opposed to Dostoevsky's gargantuan, fervid DEMONS, w/ which is has some obvious similarities and which preceded it by a mere five years, I feel driven to contend that though unquestionably the lesser masterpiece, VIRGIN SOIL is probably by any measure the more retrospectively prescient. If Doestoevsky's vision would seem to portend hell and conflagration, Turgenev's seems to soberly foresee actual revolution. The organizers, then, in opposition to the nihilists. VIRGIN [...]

    13. An amazing novel that’s equal parts hilarious, touching, and thought provoking. I don’t think I will ever understand how these Russian writers understand people so well that all of their characters might as well be walking around today, it’s incredible

    14. هیچ کدام از این مردم نمیدانند که رستگاری واقعی ما در دست سالومین هاست . سالومین های ساده، کسل کننده ولی عاقل

    15. I really enjoyed this although I was quite surprised to find that it was actually published and got through the censors in 1871. I was impressed with just how free the writing was on the subject of uprisings and the attempt to bring about a revolution, albeit a doomed one. Put in a historical context, Russia has a history of censorship and those who wished to enlighten others as to the plight of the ordinary peasant or the corruption of the aristocracy had to do so in fairly veiled terms. Dostoe [...]

    16. A story about revolutionaries in the Russian provinces circa 1880, I guess.There is, of course, an odd sort of formalism which is characteristic of this era of novel, in particular a tendency for the author to describe, basically without obfuscation, the intimate personality of their characters. I have previously lamented this quality in Austen, and though I think she is particularly brutal, it has to be said that it seems fairly ubiquitous – thinking on it now Hugo was pretty bad with that al [...]

    17. Conventionally plotted but politically savvy, Ivan Turgenev's last novel follows a group of would-be radicals in late Imperial Russia. The class tensions that would culminate in the catastrophic revolutions of 1917 are tangible here, but premature. The young rebels are zealous, even if they can't adequately explain the cause they are fighting for, much less convince the peasantry that it is worthwhile. Delays lead to frustration, and any hint of solidarity is effaced by their lack of skill. For [...]

    18. جوانان انقلابی عجول و خواستار تحولات یک شبه و تا حدودی هم بی هدفقضیه انقلاب طوری هم عنوان میگردد که صرفن ساخته و پرداخته ذهن یک سری جوان متمدن است و آن ها هستند که خواستار احیا حق قشر ضعیف جامعه می باشند در حالی که قشر ضعیف که بیشتر منظور دهقانان هستند یا چیزی در سر ندارند که حر [...]

    19. I found this quite an easy read as it has a lot of dialogue in it and not too many characters to confuse me with the Russian names. I found the main characters of Marianne and Nejdanov very sympathetic and so I was rooting for them as times got more difficult. I found it quite revealing that the undercurrent of revolution was present in Russia for many decades before it actually broke out. I was particularly taken with the element of plans going awry as we continue to live in a world of conspira [...]

    20. به نظرم بعد از پدارن و پسران بهترین اثر تورگینف بود. یک شروع ارام و عطفی بسیار قوی با پایانی غم انگیز.اون موقع که نژدانف با رفت به شهر ت و یا قبلتر از اون دعوای مارینا با زن دایی اش نقاط عطف داستان بودند. شخصت پردازی این کتاب خیلی خوب بود. عناصر کتاب همه در ارتباط با هم دیگه بودند. [...]

    21. I don’t know what was in the water around the time these guys in Russia were writing. Turgenov has such clarity. This book helped me see I had to move beyond my phase of focusing on all the things that weren’t working for me in this society.

    22. Turgeneyev's novel about a group of rather clueless revolutionaries trying to propagandise the Russian peasantry, who just get them drunk and beat them up. The characters are idealistic, noble and riven by self doubt. Very readable.

    23. "Virgin Soil", Turgenev's final novel, deals with the populist movement of Russia, though it's greatest protagonist is probably the Russian countryside itself. Turgenev's young revolutionaries (the protagonist, Alexey Nezhdandov, is 27) are idealistic and imbued with a sense of duty and purpose to awaken Russia's slumbering masses. Nezhdanov himself is the bastard child of an aristocrat, and it is the resentment he feels at being locked out of the aristocratic circles that animates his desire fo [...]

    24. It was a good description of the populist movement in Russia. The populist movement can be considered the spiritual father of latter revolutionary socialist movements in Russia.My observations will be of a more political aspect then literary. The first comparation I can think about of the populist movement in Russia is the abolitionist one in the anglo saxon world. And from here starts my questions and dilemmas. Why was the russian version inherently socialist and anti capitalist .Why did they t [...]

    25. I was expecting an upper-class-activists-go-to-live-with-the-peasants sort of book.This is not that at all.The upper class activists are here. Are they wealthy? Not seemingly, but they also seem to have money. They are not peasants. This book is more of a satire of these sort of people--from Petersburg, they want to improve the lives of peasants. And they run around passing out pamphlets and generally being ignored by the peasants they are "helping". Or they are being turned in by those peasants [...]

    26. 3.5. Actually a very good, somewhat old-fashioned novel, in the sense that novels are not much made this way anymore, and considering how long it took me to muster up interest in continuing to read it. I think the reason is that the characters are first-rate, sublime creations, but the plot is slow. Highlights: Fimushka and Fomushka, Nedzhanov's book of verses, Paklin's cigar. Paklin in particular was a great character.

    27. Ah idealism, but so often crushed by realityA story of upper class Russians wanting to live as workers, and the difficulties that brings. T'was ever this.As always, with Turgenev, beautifully told, and the prose flows poetically.Paklin, Kallomeitsev, and the married couple, Fomushka and Fimushka, are the equal to any tragic/comic characters that Dickens created.A wonderful book.

    28. Not as good as Turgenif's other works of fiction, it seems like an antithesis to What is to Be Done. I don't like What is to Be Done, but this book, despite its different outlook, follows the same extremist attitude and therefore, is too strong for me. Just like Vodka.And by the way, it is Turgenif, not Turgenev.

    29. Read the Russian original.Five stars. As it was in case of "Smoke", i find this supposedly "weak", according to critics, novel better and more valuable than the higher rated works of Turgenev. This, once again, has discouraged me from reading critique before getting familiar with the novel itself, and sometimes even after.The common theme present in both "Virgin soil" and "Smoke" is the struggle of a person who doesn't fit neither black(or red in this case), nor white. His inner organization is [...]

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