On the Genealogy of Morals

On the Genealogy of Morals The companion book to Beyond Good and Evil the three essays included here offer vital insights into Nietzsche s theories of morality and human psychology Nietzsche claimed that the purpose of The Gen

  • Title: On the Genealogy of Morals
  • Author: Friedrich Nietzsche Michael A. Scarpitti Robert C. Holub
  • ISBN: 9780141195377
  • Page: 493
  • Format: Paperback
  • The companion book to Beyond Good and Evil, the three essays included here offer vital insights into Nietzsche s theories of morality and human psychology.Nietzsche claimed that the purpose of The Genealogy of Morals was to call attention to his previous writings But in fact the book does much than that, elucidating and expanding on the cryptic aphorisms of Beyond GoThe companion book to Beyond Good and Evil, the three essays included here offer vital insights into Nietzsche s theories of morality and human psychology.Nietzsche claimed that the purpose of The Genealogy of Morals was to call attention to his previous writings But in fact the book does much than that, elucidating and expanding on the cryptic aphorisms of Beyond Good and Evil and signalling a return to the essay form In these three essays, Nietzsche considers the development of ideas of good and evil explores notions of guilt and bad consience and discusses ascetic ideals and the purpose of the philosopher Together, they form a coherent and complex discussion of morality in a work that is accessible than some of Nietzsche s previous writings.Friedrich Nietzsche was born near Leipzig in 1844 When he was only twenty four he was appointed to the chair of classical philology at Basel University From 1880, however, he divorced himself from everyday life and lived mainly abroad Works published in the 1880s include The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil, On the Genealogy of Morals, Twilight of the Idols and The Antichrist In January 1889, Nietzsche collapsed on a street in Turin and was subsequently institutionalized, spending the rest of his life in a condition of mental and physical paralysis Works published after his death in 1900 include Will to Power, based on his notebooks, and Ecce Homo, his autobiography.Michael A Scarpitti is an independent scholar of philosophy whose principal interests include English and German thought of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, as well as exegesis and translation theory.Robert C Holub is currently Ohio Eminent Scholar and Professor of German at the Ohio State University Among his published works are monographs on Heinrich Heine, German realism, Friedrich Nietzsche, literary and aesthetic theory, and J rgen Habermas.

    One thought on “On the Genealogy of Morals”

    1. بارِ دیگر، نیچه و حقیقت! به راستی حقیقت چیست و نیچه چه می‌گوید؟ بگذارید توضیح دهم!نیچه می‌گوید همه‌یِ زندگی انسان از آغاز تاکنون، بی‌هدف و بی‌معنا بوده است. انسان، رنج میکشد و از خود می‌پرسد: "پس رنج من به خاطر چیست؟". او نمی‌تواند معنایی برای این رنج بیابد. این‌جاست که دین [...]

    2. On The Genealogy of Morals is made up of three essays, all of which question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a genealogical method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts.The first essay, "'Good and Evil,' 'Good and Bad'" contrasts what Nietzsche calls "master morality" and "slave morality." Master morality was developed by the strong, healthy, and free, who saw their own happiness as good and named it thus. By contrast, they saw [...]

    3. یک جَدَل نامهاثر واقعا خوبی بود. در ادامه ی اثر "فراسوی خیر و شر" نوشته شده است و به روشنگریِ نقاط تاریک و شفاف سازی بیشتر در ادامه مسأله اخلاق که در اثر قبلی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته بود، می پردازد. در ادامه، سیستم های اخلاقی مختلف، برای قشرهای مختلف را مورد بررسی قرار می دهد و به ب [...]

    4. ‎دوستانِ گرانقدر، من بارها آثارِ زنده یاد <نیچه> را خوانده و بازخوانی کرده ام و با عناوینِ گوناگون مورد نقد قرار داده ام از دیدگاه من این کتاب ارزنده ترین و اندیشمندانه ترینِ آثارِ اوست از آنجایی که با مغلطه ای کثیف و تکراری به جوانان القا کرده اند که فهمِ نوشته های نیچه دش [...]

    5. درباب کتاب «تبارشناسی اخلاق»ه نوشتۀ فریدریش نیچه، ترجمۀ داریوش آشوری، چاپ یازدهم: 1392، نشر آگهتبارشناسی اخلاق را یکی از مهم‌ترین کتاب‌های نیچه می‌دانند؛ این کتاب در واقع سیستماتیک‌ترین کتاب نیچه است و چه‌بسا مهم‌ترین کتاب او به شمار می‌رود. چنان‌که از نام این کتاب بر‌م [...]

    6. ChronologyIntroduction & NotesNote on the Text and TranslationFurther Reading--Preface--First Essay: 'Good and Evil', 'Good and Bad'--Second Essay: 'Guilt', 'Bad Conscience' and Related Matters--Third Essay: What Do Ascetic Ideals Mean?Notes

    7. Imagine that you are in a nameless suburb, say California for example, and you stumble home drunk on bad whiskey and stoned off of cheap weed. This is purely hypothetical. You hover over the toilet and puke up the bad whiskey and some nameless food substance. The next morning you sit on the toilet reading this book. You read the lines "the complete and definitive victory of atheism might free mankind of this whole feeling of guilty indebtedness towards its origin, its causa prima. Atheism and a [...]

    8. الجينيالوجيا تعني علم الأنساب، وهذه هي الترجمة العربية المتاحة والتي لا توفي المعنى الأصلي للكلمة حقه؛ بمعنى أنها ترجمة اختزالية وتلك قصة طويلة عن أزمة المصطلح التي تجعلنا نستخدم ونفضل اللفظ الأجنبي في أحيان كثيرة؛ لأنه الأفضل والأدق تعبيرا، والمكتمل المعنى وهذه المشكلة [...]

    9. This treatise stands as the most sustained criticism of Judaeo-Christian values, or rather, the origin of said values. Nietzsche redefines them as the products of the brutal conditioning of our animal instincts over the centuries. The failure to retaliate became "goodness", fear into "humility", submission to those who one hates "obedience" and cowardice into "patience". Discarding the methods of his contemporaries, Nietzsche comes up with a theory, which delineates how morals come to evolve wit [...]

    10. For all his brilliance, Nietzsche was not one for exposition or systematic investigation. He writes in impassioned bursts rather than extended thoughts—a style in keeping with his abhorrence for all things stale, academic, and ‘English’. This quality is evident right from the preface, which is divided into several shorter prefaces. These frequent breaks are maintained throughout the book, each essay being divided into chunks too short for subchapters, but too long for aphorisms.On one leve [...]

    11. Από τα πιο ώριμα έργα του Νίτσε και πιο "επίσημα" σε ύφος. Σίγουρα χρειάζεται κι άλλη ανάγνωση, αφού προηγηθούν τα πιο πρώιμα. Δε χρειάζονται πολλά λόγια για τον Νίτσε. Πρόκειται για φιλόσοφο με τρομερή διαύγεια σκέψεων τις οποίες εκφράζει με αξιοσημείωτη ευθύτητα.

    12. مانیفستِ ضد اخلاق نیچه! نیچه در این کتاب کاری را که در ابتدا آغاز کرده بود و در آثار بعدی و به خصوص فراسوی نیک و بد ادامه داده بود به سرحدات خود می‌رساند. او با اخلاق می‌جنگد و جنگ خود را یکی از معلول‌های خود آن اخلاق می‌داند.‏نیچه در این اثر به خوبی واژگونگی مفاهیم را به ریشخن [...]

    13. It's difficult to identify what is most drudging about Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals. There is so much to choose from: the incessant implicit boasting of how the author transcends the puerile morality of the masses or the juvenile tirades against democracy and egalitarianism or the unmistakable misogyny (rife in his other writings as well) or the flimsily concealed antisemitism (Nietzsche's denunciations of blatant antisemitism notwithstanding) or the brutish exaltation of violence and conques [...]

    14. When I was an undergraduate, I tried some Nietzsche. I read BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL, THE GAY SCIENCE and THE BIRTH OF TRAGEDY. This was reading that I did on my own and not as part of a class. I don’t remember how I chose those books, but I can report now with no embarassment that my reading was superficial and that I did not genuinely understand much, if any, of it. More surprisingly, I did not like Nietzsche. He is too much work. He uses words in idiosyncratic ways that are confusing and force [...]

    15. A truly delightful intellectual romp that is both entertaining and disturbing. It is entertaining because Nietzsche is an outrageously brilliant writer who expresses his complex philosophical ideas in a creative way, and who makes even the most cynical ideas sound beautiful. Nietzsche is truly blessed for having the analytical brain of a philosopher as well as masterful skill in sculpting beautiful phrases, like a poet. It is disturbing because of Nietzsche's tremendous cynicism, which can often [...]

    16. ما اهل دانش رفته رفته به هرچه اهل ایمان است بدگمان شده ایم. و این بدگمانی ما را رفته رفته به نتیجه گیری هایی باژگونه ی نتیجه گیری های روزگاران پیشین رسانده است: یعنی هر جا که قوّت ایمان بسیار به نمایش گذاشته می شود، حکایت از ضعف برهان دارد و ناممکنی درونمایه ی ایمان. ما هیچ انکار [...]

    17. در مجموع کتاب خوبی بود به خصوص بخش دوم که راجع به گناه و بد وجدانی است، کاملا برای کسانی که علاقه‌مند به روانکاوی فرویدی هستن توصیه میشه. تنها مشکلش از نظر من شیوه‌ی ارائه‌ای از زبان فارسی بود که مترجم انتخاب کرده بود. واقعا شیوه‌ی ترجمه رو دوست نداشتم

    18. Πιστεύω πως η κριτική μου σε ένα τέτοιο μεγαλειώδες έργο είναι ασήμαντη και περιττή.Θα περιοριστω στο να εκφράσω τον αμέριστο θαυμασμό μου για το μυαλό αυτού του Ανθρώπου.

    19. هذا الكتاب وكتابان سيتلوانه هما (غسق الأوثان، ونقيض المسيح) هما ذروة فلسفته وأكثر صورها وضوحا وجرأة وإفصاحا عن نظريته في انحلال الغرب في هذا الكتاب يروي نيتشه قصة الأخلاق من وجهة نظره كيف نشأت ويرد نشأتها إلى صورة صراع طبيعي بين السادة والعبيدوهو يسر د التحول الذي نشأت فيه ا [...]

    20. Three essays each coherent. This is Nietzsche's best work. Almost all of his major ideas lurk within this book. I would recommend the audio version. There's just something about Nietzsche that when he's read aloud you just feel the contempt and frustration you know he has for mankind and even the reader of his book. He'll say the world needs artist and poets. He feels his truths and the reader feels them too. There's good and there's bad with Nietzsche. He has special dislike for women and femin [...]

    21. I think it will be useful for future readers that I point out a few of Nietzsche's highly problematic ideas in this book (this book is not one of my favorite Nietzsche books, but it's still full of great ideas): 1) Nietzsche goes a little too far in his attack of dirtiness when he states that we should segregate the sick from the healthy, he suggests that the healthy and happy men should, "keep clear of the madhouses and hospitals". Didn't Nietzsche spend quite a lot of time in a madhouse? 2) He [...]

    22. Very readable, once I got into it. I would recommend to anyone wanted to make a start with Nietzsche, and it's really short too. He was obviously a very troubled man as well as a bit of a psychologist. I'm pretty sure he wouldn't give a second thought to my opinion though - I'm definitely one of the sick. From a history of ideas point of view, his take-up of ideas about degeneration and frequent health and illness related metaphors are particularly useful. And good to read in conjunction with Fo [...]

    23. کتاب در سه بخش و یک پیشگفتار تنظیم شده است. جزء منقح‌ترین آثار نیچه به‌حساب می‌آید. مملوء از ایده‌های متهورانه و جسورانه است که بی‌دلیلی و عدم سازگاری برخی از گزاره‌ها با شهود اولیه را می‌توان به‌نفع بدیع بودن آنان در نظر نگرفت. عجیب کتاب اثرگذاری است و به‌قطع بعد از خوان [...]

    24. القلق النيتشاوي الذي يبعثه في مباحثه الثلاثة *الخير والشر * الضمير المتعب *المثل الزهدية،هذا القلق الذي بتّ في أمر حقيقة عدم وجوده رغم سخريته ممن يدعي امتلاك كنه الحقيقة، يوصلك إلى أبعاد أخرى غير التي قصدها، من غيرالعقلاني أن أضع تقييماً للكتاب من موقف نيتشه اتجاه الدين والر [...]

    25. كتاب جنيالوجيا الاخلاق تناول فيه نيتشه تعريف الاخلاق و ضدها الخير,الشر و الحسن,القبيح . شرح رؤيته لأصول القوانين الاخلاقية ومن وجهة نظره ترد نشأت الاخلاق الى صورة صراع طبيعي بين السادة و العبيد و هو يسرد التحول الذي نشات فيه الاخلاق عند العبيد كرد فعل على تفوق الاسياد و وضح ن [...]

    26. detailed and extensive account on the history of ethics and how religion and idealism has changed and shaped human morality over time. It was incredibly interesting, well-written and definitely worth reading.

    27. شوط اخر في سعي الانسان الى الشقاء بتفسيراتٍ حياتيّه تزيد من جرعته، فالانسان اعجز من أن يبرر ذاته أو يؤكدها، فيبقى شقيّا أمام حياته ومعناها من أرفع الأعمال النيتشويه بجوار زرادشت وماوراء الخير والشر

    28. I feel like I've been reading this book all my life, but I've never done it carefully and cover to cover before. I first tried it when I was too young to understand (18 or 19--a crack-spined copy purchased at a now-defunct occult shop on the South Side of Pittsburgh), then again in the summer of 2003, when I did understand a bit, more than I wanted; it put me off Nietzsche for a while--the description of the beast of prey, performing murder, rape, and arson like a schoolboy playing a prank, soun [...]

    29. One has got to be thankful they have everything unabridged on audiobook now. I could never read him, because frankly his writing style is pompous, arrogant and on the whole insufferable. He thinks he is terribly clever and he rubs your nose in it. Well of course he is, but the style obscures what could have been a more pleasant read. When someone else is reading him though, one can sit through it. I am glad I finally got around to him as the content was really wonderful and original. Will defini [...]

    30. Oh Nietzsche You have such great insights, such valid points. It's just such a shame that I have to struggle through so much blah to get to them.

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