Apollo and America's Moon Landing Program: The Apollo Spacecraft - A Chronology - Four Volumes (SP-4009) - Complete Official History of the Apollo Program from Inception Through 1974

Apollo and America s Moon Landing Program The Apollo Spacecraft A Chronology Four Volumes SP Complete Official History of the Apollo Program from Inception Through This comprehensive official NASA history document converted for accurate flowing text e book format reproduction is an crucial reference to the day by day activities and decisions which led to the ove

  • Title: Apollo and America's Moon Landing Program: The Apollo Spacecraft - A Chronology - Four Volumes (SP-4009) - Complete Official History of the Apollo Program from Inception Through 1974
  • Author: Roland W. Newkirk Ivan D. Ertel Mary Louise Morse Courtney G. Brooks World Spaceflight News NASA Jean Kernahan Bays
  • ISBN: null
  • Page: 390
  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • This comprehensive official NASA history document converted for accurate flowing text e book format reproduction is an crucial reference to the day by day activities and decisions which led to the overwhelming success of the Apollo moon landing program All four volumes of the Chronology are included in this massive conversion, which comprises over 1300 pages.The prefaThis comprehensive official NASA history document converted for accurate flowing text e book format reproduction is an crucial reference to the day by day activities and decisions which led to the overwhelming success of the Apollo moon landing program All four volumes of the Chronology are included in this massive conversion, which comprises over 1300 pages.The preface to Volume 1 states The intent of the authors is to concentrate on the important events that have affected the concept, design, and development of the Apollo spacecraft rather than to cover in detail the entire Apollo program In keeping with this intent, the authors have tried to give a balanced overview of the Apollo spacecraft program, not limiting the chronology to the activities of a single NASA Center Volume 1 Part I, Concept to Apollo, reviews the earliest years up to the official announcement of the Apollo program Part II, Design Decision Contract, continues through the selection of the principal contractor for the command and service modules Part III, Lunar Orbit Rendezvous Mode and Module, completes Volume I, ending with the naming of the contractor for the lunar module As far as possible, primary sources were consulted These included congressional documents, Apollo program status reports, Manned Spacecraft Center and Apollo Spacecraft Project Office weekly activity reports, contractors progress reports, Apollo working papers, letters, memoranda, NASA and industry staff reports, minutes of meetings, and interviews with persons directly involved in the early years of the Apollo program In addition, books, newspaper accounts, press releases, chronologies, and magazine articles were researched for material Volume 1 covers the period through 1962 Volume 2 from 1962 to 1964 Volume 3 from 1964 to 1966 and the final volume from 1966 to 1974.The foreword to Volume 4 reads The events that took place during that period included all flight tests of the Apollo spacecraft, as well as the last five Gemini flights, the AS 204 accident, the AS 204 Review Board activities, the Apollo Block II Redefinition Tasks, the manned Apollo flight program and its results, as well as further use of the Apollo spacecraft in the Skylab missions.The manned flights of Apollo, scheduled to begin in early 1967, were delayed by the tragic accident that occurred on January 27, 1967, during a simulated countdown for mission AS 204 A fire inside the command module resulted in the deaths of the three prime crew astronauts, Virgil I Grissom, Edward H White II, and Roger B Chaffee On January 28, 1967, the Apollo 204 Review Board was established to investigate the accident It was determined that action should be initiated to reduce the crew risk by eliminating unnecessary hazardous conditions that would imperil future missions Therefore, on April 27, a NASA Task Team Block II Redefinition, CSM was established to provide input on detailed design, overall quality and reliability, test and checkout, baseline specification, configuration control, and schedules In this chronology, as with any collection of written communications on a given project, the negative aspects of the program, its faltering and its failures, become apparent because these are the areas that require written communication for corrective action However, it should be stressed that in spite of the failures, the moon was reached by traveling an unparalleled path of success for an undertaking so complex The disastrous fire at Cape Kennedy had given the Apollo program a drastic setback But when Apollo 7 was launched, the first manned flight in nearly two years, it was a success Every spacecraft since that time improved in performance with the exception of the problems experienced in Apollo 13.

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