O istorie a Orientului Mijlociu

O istorie a Orientului Mijlociu Cartea lui Peter Mansfield este unanim considerat una dintre cele mai autorizate sinteze de istorie a Orientului Mijlociu Autorul diplomat apoi jurnalist a petrecut mul i ani n aceast tumultuoas zo

  • Title: O istorie a Orientului Mijlociu
  • Author: Peter Mansfield Nicolas Pelham Cornelia Dumitru Valentin Naumescu
  • ISBN: 9789735050764
  • Page: 173
  • Format: Paperback
  • Cartea lui Peter Mansfield este unanim considerat una dintre cele mai autorizate sinteze de istorie a Orientului Mijlociu Autorul, diplomat, apoi jurnalist, a petrecut mul i ani n aceast tumultuoas zon a lumii n care, de milenii, musulmanii, cre tinii i israeli ii i disput st p nirea unor teritorii n mare parte aride, dar esen iale pentru identitatea lor culturCartea lui Peter Mansfield este unanim considerat una dintre cele mai autorizate sinteze de istorie a Orientului Mijlociu Autorul, diplomat, apoi jurnalist, a petrecut mul i ani n aceast tumultuoas zon a lumii n care, de milenii, musulmanii, cre tinii i israeli ii i disput st p nirea unor teritorii n mare parte aride, dar esen iale pentru identitatea lor cultural i religioas Av nd privilegiul de a cunoa te direct puternicele fr m nt ri ale unei lumi at t de diferite de Europa, autorul a avut i mijloacele de a elabora pentru publicul occidental un ghid de n elegere a complicatei istorii a regiunii Rezultatul este o istorie admirabil alc tuit , surprinz tor de limpede, care ncepe cu vremurile biblice i care devine alert , luxuriant i bogat n observa ii economice, sociale i culturale odat cu expedi ia pornit n 1798 de Napoleon n Egipt i n Siria Vom vedea cum, n dou sute de ani, din vechile provincii ale Imperiului Otoman s au ridicat statele care nici ast zi nu i au g sit lini tea i configura ia definitive, oscil nd ntre tradi ia islamic i modernitatea occidental Vom descoperi r d cinile fundamentalismului islamic i efectele sale n Israel, n lumea arab i mai ales n Siria, odat cu izbucnirea r zboiului civil n 2011.O postfa semnat de Valentin Naumescu, specialist n rela ii interna ionale, completeaz capitolele cu care Nicolas Pelham a adus la zi volumul, oferind informa ii i explica ii despre nfrico toarea entitate c reia n fiecare zi emisiunile de tiri i spun, pur i simplu, Statul Islamic Volumul de fa aduce celor interesa i de trecutul Orientului Mijlociu o perspectiv echilibrat , dar nu lipsit de optica britanic , substan ial , dar nu abund nd n detalii, riguros fundamentat , dar nu f r o doz de intui ie relaxat asupra proceselor politice ale regiunii Este cu adev rat nevoie de o capacitate de sintez ridicat , de un acut sim al esen ialului i de o concizie a nara iunii de tip jurnalistic pentru a acoperi n aproximativ cinci sute de pagini o poveste at t de dens i at t de bogat n evenimente relevante Valentin NAUMESCU Cea mai bun privire de ansamblu asupra evenimentelor politice, rivalit ilor regionale i aspectelor economice din lumea arab contemporan The Washington Post Book World

    One thought on “O istorie a Orientului Mijlociu”

    1. Holy crap is the Middle East confusing! I thought I had a good grasp on it. After reading this I realize I most certainly did not.So, I'm glad I read this well structured history lesson in book form, because it helped straighten out some of the intricate political web that has turned that area of the world into the contentious powder keg it's become. The history of the various religions, governments, sovereign leaders and all their disparate aims are difficult to juggle in one's mind. This book [...]

    2. It is hard to recommend this book as a good introduction to this topic, as my knowledge of the history of the Middle East is so limited that really, as long as he mentioned Iraq, Persia, Egypt and some stuff about Islam he could have probably told me anything and I’d have been none the wiser. As it was I started off a little concerned when he talked about how great Christianity is and then went on to talk of the myth of Herod killing all the boy children as if it was literally true. I very nea [...]

    3. (Letto nell'edizione SEI, anno 1993)Pubblicato dall'autore nel 1991, fu edito in Italia per la prima volta nel 1993. E' quindi naturalmente un testo per certi aspetti più che datato, ma sempre molto interessante. Il pregio maggiore dell'opera, per me, è l'aver focalizzato quasi tutta la sua attenzione sul XIX secolo e soprattutto sul XX secolo, tra l'inizio e la fine del colonialismo, la caduta dell'impero ottomano e il sorgere degli stati "nazionali", fino agli anni Novanta. In tal modo evita [...]

    4. Listening to History of the Middle East on 14 CDs during my work commute kept my attention from start to finish. An elementary knowledge of the geography both of the Ancient Near East- such as Mesopotamia and Persia- and the modern Middle East will help the reader or listener keep up with Mansfield who writes at breakneck speed.The most salient features of the book for me are the details of the modern influence of western power and presence in the Middle East- beginning with the incursions of Na [...]

    5. This is probably the most important book I have read this year. My understanding of regional politics - and my appreciation for their complexity - has grown immensely. The news makes so much more sense to me now. I read an older edition of the book, which I do not think makes a huge difference because the history of the region is so long. However, now I am keen to find a newer edition, in order to get more of Mansfield's accessible and well-written account of the last twenty years of Middle East [...]

    6. قرأت منه نسخة مترجمة قديمة فى مشروع مكتبة الأسرة الكتاب به معلومات و أحداث كثيرة جدا و لكنه يصلح كمرجع سريع لأحداث لأنه يتبع أسلوب غطى أكبؤ قدر ممكن من الأحداث و لكن بتفاصيل مختصرة تعلمت منه أن التاريخ خدعة كبيرة و أن التاريخ الذى تعلمناه فى المدارس كارثى كم من مؤمرات و خيان [...]

    7. I'll admit, it got a little dry at times, and I felt like maybe I was being forced to read it for a class, but I wasn't. After you get past the first few chapters, where it blows through like 1500 years of history (and then this Sultan, and then this Sultan, and then yet another Sultan), it gets more interesting. It gets especially interesting when you start connecting the dots and seeing how 20th century events led to what is going on now in the Middle East. I read it because I didn't really fe [...]

    8. One critic has suggested the book "be re-named as A Western History of the Middle East" but I would suggest perhaps "A Political History of the Middle East." It is definitely the view from 10,000 feet, focusing mostly on political maneuvering and power struggles. This makes sense given that Mansfield wrote for papers like The Economist and the Financial Times in the mid-20th century; the majority of the book is devoted to the 20th century. Mansfield largely sets aside theology, almost ignoring a [...]

    9. What a journey this book has been. I have read multiple accounts of the history of Arabs and the Middle East including A History of the Arab Peoples, History of the Arabs, A Concise History of the Arabs, and A Concise History of the Middle East written by a mix of Arab and foreign authors, yet, this account stands out very well for being balanced, extensive, and accurate as far as I know.First, the form, I am impressed by masterful mix of neutral language and readability that the book manages to [...]

    10. Spicuiri din recenzia finala care se gaseste pe blogul meuMarele avantaj al cărții lui Mansfield este tocmai această complexitate și extrem de elaborata sinteză a Orientului Mijlociu. Observațiile economice, sociale și culturale transformă această lume aparent înspăimântătoare datorită evenimentelor sângeroase din ultimii ani, într-o entitate concretă care poate fi înțeleasă și de europeanul de rând. Apariția fundamentalismului islamic, evoluția și impactul asupra lumii [...]

    11. The developed countries in this world are the ones that had the time to develop by themselves, through trial and error, trying out things and establishing what is good for them. Unfortunately, these developed countries are now spending a lot of time not letting other people develop.The history of the Middle East, presented in this book with loads of accuracy and objectivity is showing us what happens when for various reasons areas are not allowed to develop by themselves. At first it was the Chr [...]

    12. I found the writing highly accessible, the subject matter dealt with an effortlessly interesting topic and I felt like the first half of the book was fairly straight forward. Once it gets into the modern times, the author decides that every single problem possibly facing the Middle East is either stemming from Israel or the United States, and ignores ongoing human rights issues, wide spread corruption, the desertification of farm lands, lack of job opportunities or crumbling infrastructure. Time [...]

    13. This is a good introductory history to the Middle East. It's fairly comprehensive except for the final quarter, which seems rushed. To be fair, current events which are tied to events of the past century are still being interpreted and reinterpreted at a fast pace, and so it may be wiser to merely report what's going on rather than attempt in-depth historical analysis. What this book does is start to unravel the excruciatingly complicated relationships between the West and the Middle East and be [...]

    14. Let me just say that I'm probably the last person in the world qualified to rate this book. It's the first legitimate attempt I've made to learn about the Middle East, so I have no idea if its version of history is skewed one way or another. Mostly I thought it was valuable in that it alerted me to how very little I know about this area of the planet, and made me want to learn more. I can only rate it in those terms--the fact that I wanted to finish reading it, that I did in less than a week, an [...]

    15. This is a meticulous work of Middle East history. Surely, a student of history can reap its benefits academically. Not only that, it is a must have on the bookshelf of history readers. The book has somewhat intricate details. It is an exhaustive guide of developments happened in the region, from the political side - the reactionary colonial politics, the battle of ideas, nationalism, war, purging state of affairs, search of identities and and so on.The book reached me from an international couri [...]

    16. پیتر منسفیلد که از 1955م تا پایان عمرش-1996- به مطالعه و تحقیق درباره مسائل خاورمیانه پرداخته است در این کتاب به اتفاقاتی که در این منطقه جغرافیایی رخ داده است-خصوصا در قرن بیستم- می پردازد.او با مقدمه ای کوتاه تاریخ خاورمیانه از دوران باستان تا ابتدای قرن نوزدهم را شرح می دهد.وی با [...]

    17. A very good (if not too detailed) introductory reading for anyone who only has basic level of understanding of Middle East history. For various parts it can be a bit difficult to follow if you don't have a map in front of you and keep track of names; but well worth a reading is probably the book I spent the most time on in 2017.

    18. * * - the book was just ok."A History of the Middle East" by Peter Mansfield, should definitely be re-named as "A Western History of the Middle East". Or possibly "The Colonial History of the Middle East and Its Aftermath" (although that would be quite a mouthful of a title). My lasting impression is that this book is heavily West-oriented and Eurocentric. Even though it is a history of the Middle East - I get a feeling the Arabs and Arabic culture are just a mere annoying side-line. "Annoying" [...]

    19. There is much to admire and a fair bit to be considered a drawback in Peter Mansfield's sweep of the History of the Middle East.To fit such a swathe of history into a small 400-page paperback is a bit of an art form in itself. Mansfield has a reasonable overview and a clear love of the Arabs throughout the book though he tries to be even handed throughout. There are obvious lacks and missing pieces throughout and it becomes somewhat eurocentric early on but in the age of empires this was the pla [...]

    20. This book was both good and bad: good because I did learn new things, here and there, and it did give me a better foundation for thinking about the Middle East (and, more specifically, the Arab world) but it was bad in that it never spent more than a page or two on any particular topic (perhaps this was necessary, but I have doubts) and it was sometimes difficult to keep track of the various names, sects, and the short-lived alliances between sects. This became downright chaotic in the final cha [...]

    21. I would have given this book 4 stars if it had been left as Peter Mansfield completed it in 1991. Up until its account of the Gulf War of that year, it retains a remarkable breadth of knowledge eloquently and concisely communicated, weaving together disparate strands of Middle Eastern history involving the Arabs, Turks and Persians as far back as records exist. In fact, up until that point, the only thing preventing its qualifying for 5 stars would have been its bizarre refusal to acknowledge th [...]

    22. Well written and inclusive ,covering roughly all the momentous events in the region history the beginning Mansfield sounded ostensibly like a mere neutral observer who claim to convoy the fact as seen on the ground, but this impression quickly vanished as his bias against undeniable truths about the Palestinian cause and their bloodthirsty occupier(Israeli hegemony) appeared .Furthermore, he provided a weak and contradictory argument regarding the conflict between the Palestinian/Lebanese in on [...]

    23. This is the Fourth Edition, which was published in 2013. Having read the first edition last month, I wanted to learn more about developments between 1990, when Peter Mansfield's account ends, and 2013. Nicolas Pelham has taken on the challenging task of updating this history since Mansfield died in 1996. While events in the Middle East are unfolding so quickly as to have rendered the Fourth Edition obsolete already, Pelham's analysis of the Arab Awakening was helpful. Pelham summarizes at one po [...]

    24. A very good book to introduce oneself into a complex topic. Although the first chapter tries to summarize a couple of millenia in a few pages and therefore reading this chapter becomes an almost unbearable burden, as Mansfield approaches more modern times, the books turns into an easier read and it really helps clarify many of the doubts I had about the region and helped me understand much of what I had no idea about.Pelham´s contribution tries to synthetize the last decade (1991-2003) in two c [...]

    25. A good, broad overview of the region's economic and political history. It focuses on the complicated but very concrete economic and strategic motives that have driven Western powers to intervene in the region, from colonialism and the importance of the East-West trade route to the Cold War balance of power to the world's insatiable demand for oil. As has been said, this is a largely Eurocentric (which is not to say pro-European) book. Today--aside from Islamic extremism (which is shown to have a [...]

    26. This is an intriguing, if somewhat challenging, read. It's worth saying that it might more aptly be titled something along the lines of a brief history of the Middle East, or a beginners guide - in this guise, it's an excellent jumping off point for apprising one's self of the very complex and intense history of the region, the political and cultural dynamics of which will quite likely define the 21st century, in the way the Cold War did the 20th. It would be impossible for a single, relatively [...]

    27. This book was first published in 1991 and then re-issued in 2004 with an update chapter written by Nicolas Pelham. I was looking for a comprehensive book on Middle East History because I wanted more context for understanding what is happening in current events. It took some serious determination to finish this history because it is written in such a dry manner. However, the book met my criteria of being comprehensive as it swept from Mesopotamia to almost the present day.I will say of Mansfield [...]

    28. This is a straightforward political history of the Middle East, from ancient times up to the eve of the allied invasion to oust Iraq from Kuwait in the first Gulf War. It is an excellent primer on the events, leaders and conflicts that shaped the region today. I have a much greater understanding of the underlying causes for the conflicts in the region and the current state of affairs today. It explains the extent and influence of Arab tradition and culture (though few of its details -- this rema [...]

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